Load factors to end December 20139 June 2014
Performance of the world's nuclear reactors in 2013.
The 400 nuclear reactor units (374.2 GW) with data available for the full year 2013 generated a total of 2346 TWh of electricity. This was up very slightly (1.2%) on the 2012 figures, but continues to be much lower than the 2500 TWh of nuclear electricity generated in 2011. Together they generated a total of 66,074 TWh during 11,501 years of operation, achieving a mean average lifetime load factor of 72.8%, which is about the same as the last few years.
In 2013, there were more reactors operating in the three highest percentile brackets (85% load factor and above) than in 2012, suggesting normality is returning after Fukushima. The most significant trend was the increase in units with load factors of 95% or above, 53 compared with 41 last year.
One of those was our top annual and lifetime performer, Rajasthan 5, an Indian PHWR that started up in 2009 and celebrated a 607-day continuous run on 1 April 2014. Its rank is slightly controversial because the reactor's official rating is 220 MWe, despite the design being originally rated at 250 MWe. If we used the higher capacity its 2013 annual load factor would be 92.8%.
The picture for PWRs was more static; gains made in the US fleet of 65 PWRs (average up 66 basis points year-on-year) and in Russian VVERs were counteracted by losses in form in South Korean, Chinese and French PWRs.
In the same timescale, RBMK performance has fallen since a 2011 peak, although Leningrad 1's return to generation after graphite checks in November after a 24-month extended outage is a positive development for the ageing reactor design.
Top three lifetime performers to December 2013
- Rajasthan 5, India - 94.4%
- Wolsong 4, South Korea - 93.3%
- Emsland, Germany - 93.2%
Top three lifetime electricity generators to December 2013
- Grohnde, Germany - 326.6 TWh
- Grafenrheinfeld, Germany - 318.5 TWh
- Philippsburg 2, Germany - 315.4 TWh
By Will Dalrmple, editor of Nuclear Engineering International