A decommissioning team at Dounreay is getting ready to look inside an underground bunker where intermediate-level radioactive waste has lain submerged in water for almost 40 years.
Two remotely-operated cameras will penetrate the concrete-lined vault in preparation for work starting to clean out its hazardous contents. The two-week operation, which is due to start in October is expected to provide valuable images about the internal condition of the silo as well as state of the waste that was sent there.
The facility resembles a nine-metre deep swimming pool, lined on all sides with thick concrete and divided in the middle by a partition wall. It was used by British scientists and engineers to take the radioactive waste from their experiments at Dounreay in the 20th century into more efficient ways to generate electricity from plutonium and uranium.
Much of the 750 tonnes of waste was metallic and included failed and redundant equipment, fuel element transit cans and debris from fuel element breakdown such as cladding, end fittings, wrappers and swarf. Other waste includes plastic, glass, paper and filters. It was filled with water to cool the waste and shield operators from its radiation.
The roof of the silo is at ground level and contained four posting ports that were used on more than 16,000 occasions from 1971 to drop waste into the water-filled vaults below. The waste has lain undisturbed since the final consignment of waste was sent there in 1998.
“We’ll drill through a metre of concrete in the roof to create two openings, each 150 millimetres in diameter,” explained Derek Richardson, the engineer who looks after the facility.
“Two video cameras, together with lighting, will be lowered through the holes. One of them will look around at the condition of the structure while the other will be lowered into the water to look at the condition of the waste.”
Controls will be put in place to guard against contamination. The drillholes will be plugged when the operation is over.
The water level in the silo has been lowered in recent months, with the surplus water cleaned up in a decontamination unit and discharged to the sea.
“It will probably take four of five days to core the roof of the silo,” added project engineer Stuart Tod. “The cores themselves will be useful, because their analysis will provide us with information about the structural integrity of the roof. This will be helpful to the engineers who design the equipment for removing the roof when the waste is retrieved from the silo."
Later this year, work is expected to begin on a scheme design for the equipment needed to retrieve waste from the silo and its predecessor, the nearby shaft. Detailed designs will be ready by 2012, when construction companies worldwide are expected to bid for the contract to build the major plant needed to empty the two separate facilities.
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